Canvey Island Residents left Bamboozled by Flood Protection Funding Maze!

The flooding of Canvey Island during the summers of 2013 and 2014 and the ongoing concerns of a repeat event have been the subject of recent local news reports and social media posts.

A recent visit was carried out by the Government under Secretary of State for the Environment, Thérèse Coffey MP to meet a delegation of CPBC councillors and officers and representatives of the multi agency partnership to view the work carried out so far in response to the 2014 flooding.

Press reports suggested that time was spent observing the achievements rather than viewing areas of the Island’s drainage scheme that remained to be upgraded.

For instance, Essex Highways have accounted for a promised routine improvement of Canvey’s road gully maintenance, whereas in fact certain roads gullies on the Island have not received any cleansing for a number of years! And yet apparently huge sums of central funding has been claimed by ECC, whilst routine work is neglected.

Essex Highways claim, “that (they) have shown its commitment by investing more than £1 million of additional funding to help tackle localised problems such as blocked gullies”, appears to have gone unchallenged by cpbc representatives, whilst they should be fully aware that regular routine maintenance is not carried out, except perhaps in those areas that were previously reported flooded.

The implication in this case being, prevention is not better than cure!

It cannot be denied that keeping the profile high on the amount of work needed to upgrade Canvey’s drainage system is a very good thing, but the release of central funding must be used on tangible works.

Canvey residents, whose properties suffered from the flooding during 2014 have been urged to make a claim for a grant towards installing Flood Prevention measures.

This encouragement to claim by council officials, appears to indicate a concession that future flood events may well occur, despite the work carried out so far, or that the maintenance programme and upgrading of the drainage system, reliant on the £24,000,000 grant from Government, may well not be forthcoming.

However, the ease of residents seeking access to funding for the installation of flood prevention measures appears not so easy to locate, despite the encouragement from local representatives.

A visit to our local authority’s website seeking residents funding reveals only;

Castle Point Council

“Council Tax Discount for properties affected by flooding on 20th July 2014. Deadline Extended to 30.11.2014”

Using a little initiative a search for and read of the famous 6 Point Plan reveals a lead;

“Following detailed investigations, the group envisages this scheme benefiting around 15,000 high risk properties – or around 40,000 residents – on the Island. It is estimated that these measures will require an additional £500,000 of allocated funding to support the PLP package, which was introduced in September of this year. This scheme will continue to be run and managed by Essex County Council in their role as Lead Local Flood Authority (LLFA).”

The impliction being all properties on Canvey are subject to some level of surface water flood risk.

This led us to then log onto the ECC website where upon, using a couple of search words the following was discovered, an application area for qualifying residents of the whole  of Essex, not just Canvey Island, to claim for flood prevention measures. Disappointingly the situation is not as rosy as some, having suffered flooding, may have wished;

Essex County Council

“Please note: Due to the high number of applications, we’re currently unable to confirm if your application will be successful.

We will notify you as soon as the status of your application changes.”

It is a concern that an element of transparency regarding whether some of this may be old or new money being granted and whether grants are being used in central budgets, as we know of the multi agency partnership Essex Highways for one, are over stating their commitment!

The Castle Point Conservatives post on social media from the MPs and delegates meeting reads;

Thérèse Coffey MP, the Parliamentary under Secretary of State for the Environment, visited Castle Point at the request of local MP Rebecca Harris. The Minister was invited to see the joint work that Essex County Council, Anglian Water, the Environment Agency and Castle Point Borough Council have undertaken to reduce the risk of future flooding and hear what progress has been made on the Six Point Plan Proposal.

Canvey Island was especially badly flooded in the summers of 2013 and 2014 and in the aftermath of the flooding a Multi-Agency Partnership (MAP) was formed between Essex County Council, Anglian Water, The Environment Agency and Castle Point Borough Council to prevent future flooding. The MAP created a 6 Point Plan setting out actions that the agencies could undertake to increase resilience to surface water flooding. The Plan includes: property level flood protection; dredging Canvey Lake; Increasing capacity of the drainage infrastructure by building an Integrated Urban Drainage Model for Canvey; create the Canvey Resilient Communities Programme; development of innovative flood management technologies and investment in green surface water storage.

During the visit the Environment Agency’s Eastern Region Deputy Director, Charles Beardall, and Anglian Water’s Head of Flood Risk Management, Jonathan Glerum, explained to the Minister the work done so far on the Integrated Urban Drainage model and the significant investment made into the various pumping stations around the Island and on the Benfleet Creek Barrier.

The Minister also visited Canvey Lake where Castle Point Borough Council’s CEO, David Marchant, and Essex County Council’s Head of Environment and Flood Management, John Meehan, updated the Minister on the progress made on the 6 Point Plan to date. They also touched on future challenges facing the MAP.

Following the visit, Environment Minister Thérèse Coffey MP said “Protecting people from flooding is an absolute priority, which is why we are spending more than £1 million to refurbish floodgates and on work investigating new local defences on Canvey Island.

“I was delighted to see first-hand what’s being done on the ground to better protect the community and will continue to follow the work with interest.”

Commenting, Castle Point MP Rebecca Harris said “I would like to thank the Minister for taking the time out of her busy schedule to visit Castle Point. We have made real progress to ensure that residents don’t suffer the terrible flooding of 2014 again and I am pleased that the Minister had the chance to see the progress first hand. There is still however more to do and I will be making sure that the County Council, Borough Council, Anglian Water and Environment Agency continue to work well together.

Cllr Ian Grundy, Essex County Council Cabinet Member for Highways, said “Essex County Council is proud to be part of the Multi-Agency Task Group which works to reduce the flood risk in Canvey. Friday’s visit from MP Thérèse Coffey offered a welcome opportunity to increase awareness of the key challenges we all face and how we are working collaboratively to find solutions.

“Since the task group was formed in 2014/15, Essex Highways has shown its commitment by investing more than £1 million of additional funding to help tackle localised problems such as blocked gullies and defective pipework in Canvey. We are also investing a further £500,000 over the next two years to address broader drainage issues. Our colleagues in Flood Management have invested £600,000 and will have protected 100 properties as part of their Property Protection scheme and have done numerous floods studies to target our future investments

“Essex Highways and the Flood Management team pride themselves on being innovative in their approach to deliver more, for less, for the taxpayer. We will continue to be a keen contributor to the work of the Multi-Agency Task Group, with a focus on delivering greener, more sustainable solutions to help solve these issues.” “

Jonathan Glerum, Anglian Water’s Head of Flood Risk Management, said “We were delighted to welcome the Minister to Canvey and show her the great partnership work that has been delivered. The approach to multi-agency working that has been developed on Canvey is a game changer and has delivered significant investment in flood mitigation on the island.”

“Anglian Water has invested over £2million on improvements to our drainage network on the Island and is committed to continued working with partners, and Government, as we look to develop and deliver innovation solutions to flood risk management for Canvey.”

Environment Agency’s Eastern Region Deputy Director, Charles Beardall, said “The day was a great opportunity to highlight the scale of the Environment Agency’s investment on Canvey, from our ongoing maintenance work to significant improvements to the protection of properties from main river flooding. It also gave us a chance to showcase our work with partner organisations as they look at future options to reduce surface water flood risk.”

Castle Point Borough CEO, David Marchant, said “All of the agencies involved were able to demonstrate to the Minister how much progress they have made since the disastrous flooding of 2013/14. Working together we have invested or plan to invest nearly £6m in accordance with the Six Point Plan to ensure the existing network operates as effectively as possible. However there is still more to do but the unique nature of the drainage system means that innovation in design is necessary particularly when the essential balance between the environment and critical drainage infrastructure on Canvey Lake has to be maintained.”

Canvey Councillor Ray Howard MBE, Castle Point Borough Council’s Cabinet Member for Waste and Flooding, said ‘It was very encouraging to have a Minister of the Crown visit Canvey Island. The Minister showed a great interest in our previous flooding problems and assured us that her department would do all they could to assist in future flooding matters’.

One thing appears absolutely clear is that despite some claims to the contrary, the possibility of a repeat of the devastating events is now accepted by many agency representatives!


3 responses to “Canvey Island Residents left Bamboozled by Flood Protection Funding Maze!

    Part of.
    Internal Defra report (October 2014)
    [Note: the advice given to the Secretary of State by Defra flood officials.]
    17. The 20 July incident (and the similar August 2013 incident) revealed underlying deficiencies in the drainage infrastructure of Canvey. The extreme rainfall overloaded the complex drainage and sewerage system.
    18. In particular the smaller road drains and sewers (mainly owned by the County Council, Anglian Water and private owners) were not able to get water to the main drainage channels and big pumps (mainly owned by the Environment Agency) fast enough. There are various reasons for this. For example, the local drains were not designed to handle this volume of water; the flat nature of Canvey means there is little gradient to allow a fast flow; and there are issues over the maintenance of the drains.

    19. Our findings on the drainage system, based on the views of those we spoke to are:
    1. The sea defences around Canvey are robust. Therefore the major risk of tidal flooding is well addressed. However, the topography of Canvey and the ring of sea defences make it vulnerable to surface water flooding
    2. The larger drains are built to a high standard (typically a “1:150 year” standard or higher)
    3. Many of the extensive web of smaller drains are built to a lesser standard. Some are built to “1:30 years”, but many are built to lower standards because in the past there were more relaxed planning standards. Also, as Canvey has been developed many older drains may have been permanently blocked (e.g. by house foundations, or builders running pipes through sewers and drains) or redirected (e.g. around buildings) which may affect flow capacity
    4. There is a systemic failure (as pointed out in Sir Mark’s report) because the main drains are considerably more efficient than the smaller drains supplying them. Normally this is not a problem, but in extreme circumstances the small drains simply cannot get enough water to the big drains fast enough
    5. Several of the people we spoke to considered that Canvey Lake is silted up and this diminished its ability to store flood water in an emergency. We understand the local authorities are considering whether to manage it more clearly as a flood alleviation measure rather than a leisure amenity
    6. In recent years there have been large reductions in the budgets allocated to drain maintenance, meaning for example that drains are cleared less often
    7 Some drains were blocked or partially blocked by roots, rubbish and debris, which reduced their flow, particularly in times of very heavy flow when other debris is washed down the system leading to substantial blockages

    28. Further development is planned in a number of locations on Canvey Island. This could cause increased surface run off and put further pressure on the drainage systems. It may also increase the number of properties at risk of events such as this in the future. Government planning policy requires that future development on Canvey must be made sufficiently flood resilient, and that development does not increase overall flood risk

    Flood Investigation Report of October 2014 commented,
    As an island which is frequently below sea level and has an extremely flat topography, achieving effective drainage on Canvey Island has been an ongoing issue. The drainage system is exceptionally interlinked and complex and the dense urban layout in some areas contributes to a reliance on private culverts, public sewers and open watercourses, together with pumps and other infrastructure to mitigate flood risk. As such, where even small issues occur in the drainage system they can have significant effects and dramatically increase flood risk to the local area.

    These examples from reports gave the justification for CPBC seeking “£24.500, 000” of Government funding to address the problematic surface water drainage of Canvey Islands. If this was not the case the Council could be accused of deception by over estimation of such funding requirements. This funding as we know is very unlikely to fully materialise, leaving the continued surface water flooding probability still unresolved.
    It is therefore disappointing to read that senior Canvey Councillors were delighted that residents’ may qualify for up to £5000 from the £100,000 for flood resilience measures, received from Environment Agency for the whole of ECC.
    This is surely derisory when it was estimated that 1000 dwellings alone on Canvey Island suffered flood water damage, this equates to 1000x£5000 =£5,000,000 would be the more appropriate figure for the Island alone.
    To support the sustainability of the existing population and certainly before any “future development” the capital expenditure of £24.500, 000 needs to be urgently made available to provide Canvey Island with a properly maintained, suitable for purpose, drainage system allowing for excess surface water to reach the wonderful pumping facilities for onward dispersal

  2. Editor
    CPBC on a recent planning application consultation The Environment Agency, including other issues, reminded CPBC of the following:-
    Summary of Flood Risk Responsibilities for your Council
    We have not considered the following issues as part of this planning application as they are not within our direct remit; nevertheless these are all very important considerations for managing flood risk for this development, and determining the safety and acceptability of the proposal. Prior to deciding this application you should give due consideration to the issue(s) below.
    It may be that you need to consult relevant experts outside your planning team.
    Safety of People
    (including the provision and adequacy of an emergency plan, temporary refuge and rescue or evacuation arrangements) you need to be satisfied that the proposed procedures will ensure the safety of future occupants of the development. In all circumstances where warning and emergency response is fundamental to managing flood risk, we advise LPAs formally consider the emergency planning and rescue implications of new development in making their decisions.
    We do not normally comment on or approve the adequacy of flood emergency response procedures accompanying development proposals as we do not carry out these roles during a flood. Our involvement with this development during an emergency will be limited to delivering flood warnings to occupants/users covered by our flood warning network.
    Safety of the building
    The development shall be designed to provide refuge above the predicted flood levels. Given that refuge is identified as a fall back mitigation measure it is important that the building is structurally resilient to withstand the pressures and forces (hydrostatic and hydrodynamic pressures) associated with flood water.
    We advise that supporting information and calculations are submitted to you to provide certainty that the buildings will be constructed to withstand these water pressures.
    Flood recovery measures (including flood proofing and other building level resistance and resilience measures)
    We recommend that consideration is given to the use of flood proofing measures to reduce the impact of flooding when it occurs. Both flood resilience and resistance measures can be used for flood proofing. Flood resilient buildings are designed to reduce the consequences of flooding and speed up recovery from the effects of flooding; flood resistant construction can help prevent or minimise the amount of water entering a building.

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